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Coronavirus in Oklahoma: Q&A with infectious disease experts concerning COVID-19

The best place to find answers to questions about the COVID-19 coronavirus is with infectious disease experts. OU Medicine officials held a news conference this week to discuss the virus. Some questions and answers were published previously, but here are some additional ones. Questions and responses have been edited for clarity and brevity:

When infectious disease experts recommend social distancing, how much distance is considered necessary?

If a person is within 6 feet of an infected person for 30 minutes, that's generally what is required to spread the disease. That is not always the case, but that is generally the case. — Dr. Douglas Drevets

What do you do if you know you have been exposed to COVID-19?

The first thing to do is to remember than not all exposures are the same. There are high risk exposures. There are low risk exposures. Being within 6 feet of a person known to have the virus for a prolonged period of time would be a high risk exposure, while waving at a person who has the virus across a large room would be a low risk exposure. Not all exposures will result in infections and not all infections will result in symptoms of the disease. A large number of people are infected but never show symptoms. If you do develop symptoms, remember that right now in Oklahoma it can be something else. We still have quite a bit of influenza circulating in the community. If you do develop symptoms, my advice would be to get tested for influenza. It is a treatable disease. The sooner you get that treated, the sooner you will be better. — Dr. Douglas Drevets

What if you know you have been exposed, but have few if any symptoms?

If you have minimal or no symptoms, please do not rush out to get tested. This will overwhelm the limited testing capabilities and it will just not be helpful to you or the medical community. The advice would be to stay at home and protect those around you. That said, if you are at high risk of progression for having a serious disease, with risk factors by like being 65 or older, having high blood pressure or heart disease, lung disease or diabetes, then you do need to call your medical provider and seek some guidance. — Drevets

We've all heard that symptoms can include things like a fever and cough. How does a person know when it's necessary to seek medical attention?

If you get exposed and if you get sick, and then particularly if your symptoms progress to shortness of breath, that would be the trigger to seek medical attention and get seen. — Drevets

Are pregnant women at heightened risk due to COVID-19?

Unlike some other viruses, as best we know yet, there is no vertical transmission of COVID-19 from mother to fetus during the pregnancy, or from mother to infant at the time of birth. Thus far, it doesn't seem like the infection is worse in pregnant women compared to other individuals. There are some viruses that are worse during pregnancy than during the nonpregnant state. Influenza is an excellent example. The reasons for that have more to do with pregnancy physiology than with the characteristics of the virus. To be conservative for now, we are considering pregnant women not at greater risk of getting the virus, but potentially at greater risk of becoming more severely ill with the virus. We don't know that for sure, it's just something we're trying to keep at the back of our minds when evaluating whether a patient would need to go to a hospital or not and in caring for a pregnant patient when that occurs. — Dr. Rodney Edwards, chief of maternal-fetal medicine, The Children's Hospital

What do you recommend as far as pregnant women getting tested for COVID-19?

The approach to testing probably will change, but for now only patients who are symptomatic are getting tested and that applies also to the pregnant population. Obviously this is a situation that I anticipate will evolve for the overall population and pregnancy care, specifically. — Edwards

How much of a risk does COVID-19 pose to children?

In general, children have very much milder disease than adults and most present with minimal or no symptoms. Hospitals in China, Italy and other states in the United States have reported very few children requiring hospitalization. We have every reason to believe this will also be true in Oklahoma. Moderate or severe disease is rare, but slightly more common in infants, especially those under a year of age, and it also may be that children with significant pre-existing medical conditions, such as congenital heart disease, lung diseases such as asthma or cystic fibrosis, chronic kidney or liver disease, those with suppressed immune systems such as those on cancer chemotherapy, metabolic disorders or diabetes may be at increased risk. These children, in particular, should be watched closely for the development of the key symptoms of fever, cough and ,particularly, difficulty breathing. If this happens, parents should contact the child's health care provider. — Dr. Morris Gessouroun, chair of pediatrics, The Children's Hospital.

Can a person have the flu and COVID-19 at the same time?

A study in China that had 30 patients and 30 control individuals showed about 20%-30% of patients who had COVID-19 also had either influenza A or influenza B. We have drugs that can treat influenza, so you need to know if it's influenza because you can get treated for influenza. If your symptoms go away and they don't come back, you're good.

If a person has had the pneumonia shot, does this have any impact on a person's reaction to the virus if it compromises the lungs?

If you've had the pneumonia shot and you've had a good response to that vaccine, it will not change your ability to get infected by COVID-19. In fact, it probably will not prevent you from getting COVID pneumonia if that's where things were going for you. That said, it may prevent you from getting a secondary infection by the bacteria upon which the vaccine works, so there is some value in making sure you are up to date on your vaccines.

Are smokers at increased risk of COVID-19?

There is also value in stopping smoking. Lung disease is a risk factor for COVID-19. If you stop smoking now or stop vaping now, you can in fact improve, to some degree, the host defenses in your lungs fairly rapidly.

Related Photos
Chastin Phillips gets a to-go order from Fuzzy's Taco Shop in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman]

Chastin Phillips gets a to-go order from Fuzzy's Taco Shop in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman]

<figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-8b0bbf331294ac8186bf6ee7fece3701.jpg" alt="Photo - Chastin Phillips gets a to-go order from Fuzzy's Taco Shop in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman]" title="Chastin Phillips gets a to-go order from Fuzzy's Taco Shop in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman]"><figcaption>Chastin Phillips gets a to-go order from Fuzzy's Taco Shop in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman]</figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-76380940218705bdcf460341c22f7091.jpg" alt="Photo - A shopper covers her face as she returns a shopping cart at Costco in Oklahoma City, Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Bryan Terry/The Oklahoman] " title="A shopper covers her face as she returns a shopping cart at Costco in Oklahoma City, Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Bryan Terry/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>A shopper covers her face as she returns a shopping cart at Costco in Oklahoma City, Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Bryan Terry/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-8d42332d428256b95d487de2957fbad5.jpg" alt="Photo - The exterior of a Dollar General as customer walks into the store in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] " title="The exterior of a Dollar General as customer walks into the store in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>The exterior of a Dollar General as customer walks into the store in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-826d355fc7b990fba355e8fcf9370c11.jpg" alt="Photo - Signs are pictured on the doors of the Mitch Park YMCA in Edmond, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] " title="Signs are pictured on the doors of the Mitch Park YMCA in Edmond, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Signs are pictured on the doors of the Mitch Park YMCA in Edmond, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-d7b093c7ac4cc7214126d779d55db00f.jpg" alt="Photo - Exterior of a Homeland grocery store as customers make their way to shop in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] " title="Exterior of a Homeland grocery store as customers make their way to shop in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Exterior of a Homeland grocery store as customers make their way to shop in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-eafc8b2583a8533b774f8b55b4aab16a.jpg" alt="Photo - Empty playground equipment is pictured at Hafer Park is pictured in Edmond, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] " title="Empty playground equipment is pictured at Hafer Park is pictured in Edmond, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Empty playground equipment is pictured at Hafer Park is pictured in Edmond, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-166b547eee7d6e841c0b666a72694264.jpg" alt="Photo - Pizzeria Gusto's 'to go only' sign outside the restaurant in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Tuesday, March 17, 2020. Many restaurants have gone to pick up or carry out only in effort to prevent the spread of the coronavirus [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] " title="Pizzeria Gusto's 'to go only' sign outside the restaurant in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Tuesday, March 17, 2020. Many restaurants have gone to pick up or carry out only in effort to prevent the spread of the coronavirus [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Pizzeria Gusto's 'to go only' sign outside the restaurant in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Tuesday, March 17, 2020. Many restaurants have gone to pick up or carry out only in effort to prevent the spread of the coronavirus [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-e9526911897e680c68cc82bfb34dd609.jpg" alt="Photo - People drink inside O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. O'Connell's was following the restrictions at the time to have no more than 50 people gathered together and limited the number of customers allowed in at once. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]" title="People drink inside O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. O'Connell's was following the restrictions at the time to have no more than 50 people gathered together and limited the number of customers allowed in at once. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]"><figcaption>People drink inside O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. O'Connell's was following the restrictions at the time to have no more than 50 people gathered together and limited the number of customers allowed in at once. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]</figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-57152cb9751222d409edd57dd2974e3b.jpg" alt="Photo - The exterior of O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]" title="The exterior of O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]"><figcaption>The exterior of O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]</figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-bb2042dfc164d737c8f827c9a77947c5.jpg" alt="Photo - A cyclist wears a mask and googles while riding north on a sidewalk along Jenkins Ave. on the University of Oklahoma campus in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]" title="A cyclist wears a mask and googles while riding north on a sidewalk along Jenkins Ave. on the University of Oklahoma campus in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]"><figcaption>A cyclist wears a mask and googles while riding north on a sidewalk along Jenkins Ave. on the University of Oklahoma campus in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]</figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-fa7e3800f2ca6c2f59449510a1ddcff0.jpg" alt="Photo - People drink inside O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. O'Connell's was following the restrictions at the time to have no more than 50 people gathered together and limited the number of customers allowed in at once. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]" title="People drink inside O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. O'Connell's was following the restrictions at the time to have no more than 50 people gathered together and limited the number of customers allowed in at once. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]"><figcaption>People drink inside O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. O'Connell's was following the restrictions at the time to have no more than 50 people gathered together and limited the number of customers allowed in at once. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]</figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-2f7d5b1e3aab578ee35040cf7ab46b80.jpg" alt="Photo - Marles Bradley wears a mask as she waits for a takeout order of green eggs and ham outside of O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. Bradley said she put on the mask thinking she would have to go inside the restaurant but would not have worn it if she had known the order would be brought outside to her. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]" title="Marles Bradley wears a mask as she waits for a takeout order of green eggs and ham outside of O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. Bradley said she put on the mask thinking she would have to go inside the restaurant but would not have worn it if she had known the order would be brought outside to her. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]"><figcaption>Marles Bradley wears a mask as she waits for a takeout order of green eggs and ham outside of O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. Bradley said she put on the mask thinking she would have to go inside the restaurant but would not have worn it if she had known the order would be brought outside to her. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]</figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-356bfc7181a17ece706e8d2a9bd9aca3.jpg" alt="Photo - People drink inside O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. O'Connell's was following the restrictions at the time to have no more than 50 people gathered together and limited the number of customers allowed in at once. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]" title="People drink inside O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. O'Connell's was following the restrictions at the time to have no more than 50 people gathered together and limited the number of customers allowed in at once. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]"><figcaption>People drink inside O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. O'Connell's was following the restrictions at the time to have no more than 50 people gathered together and limited the number of customers allowed in at once. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]</figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-d9319ec9fc5a5524a5ebe1450846c53e.jpg" alt="Photo - Michelle Ridgway sanitizes a booth after customers left O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. O'Connell's was following the restrictions at the time to have no more than 50 people gathered together and limited the number of customers allowed in at once. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]" title="Michelle Ridgway sanitizes a booth after customers left O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. O'Connell's was following the restrictions at the time to have no more than 50 people gathered together and limited the number of customers allowed in at once. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]"><figcaption>Michelle Ridgway sanitizes a booth after customers left O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. O'Connell's was following the restrictions at the time to have no more than 50 people gathered together and limited the number of customers allowed in at once. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]</figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-77d77c9da910a4b7bc09d7f0b79c34c2.jpg" alt="Photo - The sign letting customers know that Packard's New American Kitchen restaurant in Oklahoma City, Okla. made the decision to close in effort to prevent the spread of the coronavirus on Tuesday, March 17, 2020. The restaurant [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] " title="The sign letting customers know that Packard's New American Kitchen restaurant in Oklahoma City, Okla. made the decision to close in effort to prevent the spread of the coronavirus on Tuesday, March 17, 2020. The restaurant [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>The sign letting customers know that Packard's New American Kitchen restaurant in Oklahoma City, Okla. made the decision to close in effort to prevent the spread of the coronavirus on Tuesday, March 17, 2020. The restaurant [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-e2b665e7f387e9b2ebcde966110a9fe4.jpg" alt="Photo - Exterior of a Homeland grocery store as customers make their way to shop in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] " title="Exterior of a Homeland grocery store as customers make their way to shop in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Exterior of a Homeland grocery store as customers make their way to shop in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-3c28d948193b2157362fe8027de511e8.jpg" alt="Photo - Sauced on Paseo's to go only sign outside the restaurant in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] " title="Sauced on Paseo's to go only sign outside the restaurant in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Sauced on Paseo's to go only sign outside the restaurant in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-3c95ff4118bc10f24901dd5e57c739a0.jpg" alt="Photo - Stores at Bryant Square Shopping Center are pictured Edmond, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] " title="Stores at Bryant Square Shopping Center are pictured Edmond, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Stores at Bryant Square Shopping Center are pictured Edmond, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-2d6d7feeca82183b0d0f2d51814a3738.jpg" alt="Photo - Debi Norris sits at the bar at O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. O'Connell's was following the restrictions at the time to have no more than 50 people gathered together and limited the number of customers allowed in at once. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]" title="Debi Norris sits at the bar at O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. O'Connell's was following the restrictions at the time to have no more than 50 people gathered together and limited the number of customers allowed in at once. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]"><figcaption>Debi Norris sits at the bar at O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. O'Connell's was following the restrictions at the time to have no more than 50 people gathered together and limited the number of customers allowed in at once. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]</figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-a65679d7885bae81ec4b8dcde9dd7bbf.jpg" alt="Photo - A green beer sits on the bar next to a customer at O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. O'Connell's was following the restrictions at the time to have no more than 50 people gathered together and limited the number of customers allowed in at once. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]" title="A green beer sits on the bar next to a customer at O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. O'Connell's was following the restrictions at the time to have no more than 50 people gathered together and limited the number of customers allowed in at once. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]"><figcaption>A green beer sits on the bar next to a customer at O'Connell's Irish Pub and Grille on St. Patricks Day in Norman, Okla., Tuesday, March 17, 2020. O'Connell's was following the restrictions at the time to have no more than 50 people gathered together and limited the number of customers allowed in at once. [Nate Billings/The Oklahoman]</figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-b1184d793478fc39f1e93e793f468153.jpg" alt="Photo - Jeremy Witzke and Kristy Witzke pose for a photograph in the empty Tapwerks Ale House &amp; Cafe in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] " title="Jeremy Witzke and Kristy Witzke pose for a photograph in the empty Tapwerks Ale House &amp; Cafe in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Jeremy Witzke and Kristy Witzke pose for a photograph in the empty Tapwerks Ale House &amp; Cafe in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-1fcb7b0394d1612949045a90a41e4691.jpg" alt="Photo - Jeremy Witzke and Kristy Witzke pose for a photograph in the empty Tapwerks Ale House &amp; Cafe in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] " title="Jeremy Witzke and Kristy Witzke pose for a photograph in the empty Tapwerks Ale House &amp; Cafe in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Jeremy Witzke and Kristy Witzke pose for a photograph in the empty Tapwerks Ale House &amp; Cafe in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-44f84286f1d0bfd4d8989537098f6904.jpg" alt="Photo - H&amp;H Shooting Sports employee Charles Duvall helps customers as they shop for a gun at H&amp;H Shooting Sports in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] " title="H&amp;H Shooting Sports employee Charles Duvall helps customers as they shop for a gun at H&amp;H Shooting Sports in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>H&amp;H Shooting Sports employee Charles Duvall helps customers as they shop for a gun at H&amp;H Shooting Sports in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-c8e1474373526a9517288365345438e1.jpg" alt="Photo - Colton Vetter looks at the selection of guns at H&amp;H Shooting Sports in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] " title="Colton Vetter looks at the selection of guns at H&amp;H Shooting Sports in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Colton Vetter looks at the selection of guns at H&amp;H Shooting Sports in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-049f444900fa2f13df1858da2d0683e4.jpg" alt="Photo - A customers takes a closer look at a handgun at H&amp;H Shooting Sports in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] " title="A customers takes a closer look at a handgun at H&amp;H Shooting Sports in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>A customers takes a closer look at a handgun at H&amp;H Shooting Sports in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-04cbb4026353633b0f97506b2b84ef99.jpg" alt="Photo - A handgun for sale at H&amp;H Shooting Sports in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] " title="A handgun for sale at H&amp;H Shooting Sports in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>A handgun for sale at H&amp;H Shooting Sports in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-08165b29840a9171a296b7a70e5209b2.jpg" alt="Photo - Ammo for sale on the shelves at H&amp;H Shooting Sports in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] " title="Ammo for sale on the shelves at H&amp;H Shooting Sports in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Ammo for sale on the shelves at H&amp;H Shooting Sports in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-16c487d4bebd950631da4a223ded968a.jpg" alt="Photo - Cal Heinrich, right, and Chastin Phillips eat their lunch outside of Fuzzy's Taco Shop in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] " title="Cal Heinrich, right, and Chastin Phillips eat their lunch outside of Fuzzy's Taco Shop in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Cal Heinrich, right, and Chastin Phillips eat their lunch outside of Fuzzy's Taco Shop in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-aabc115f10b5dd922fd1380c45696738.jpg" alt="Photo - A sign on the door of the the sushi bar is pictured in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] " title="A sign on the door of the the sushi bar is pictured in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>A sign on the door of the the sushi bar is pictured in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-ec7f4f129ea65683b58f50f3ff423e43.jpg" alt="Photo - The reflection of Mike Younger and Debby Warren as they eat outside at Earl's Rib Palace can be seen in the doors in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] " title="The reflection of Mike Younger and Debby Warren as they eat outside at Earl's Rib Palace can be seen in the doors in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>The reflection of Mike Younger and Debby Warren as they eat outside at Earl's Rib Palace can be seen in the doors in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-14f9d177dda6bb7bffdb135e739d3409.jpg" alt="Photo - A woman reads a notice on a window of Cities Ice Cream about takeout orders only at the Edmond Railyard location in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]" title="A woman reads a notice on a window of Cities Ice Cream about takeout orders only at the Edmond Railyard location in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]"><figcaption>A woman reads a notice on a window of Cities Ice Cream about takeout orders only at the Edmond Railyard location in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]</figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-5cb4dee49fec9effc49869918d32227f.jpg" alt="Photo - Car line up at the pharmacy window at Neighborhood Walmart on Second St in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]" title="Car line up at the pharmacy window at Neighborhood Walmart on Second St in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]"><figcaption>Car line up at the pharmacy window at Neighborhood Walmart on Second St in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]</figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-59310b1479c09f8165853ab1b1416f33.jpg" alt="Photo - Take out only notice on the window of Cities Ice Cream at the Edmond Railyard location in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]" title="Take out only notice on the window of Cities Ice Cream at the Edmond Railyard location in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]"><figcaption>Take out only notice on the window of Cities Ice Cream at the Edmond Railyard location in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]</figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-91d7b1df53fc5b909d5ec2e9adf9700d.jpg" alt="Photo - A note on the door of Fuzzy's Taco Shop is pictured in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] " title="A note on the door of Fuzzy's Taco Shop is pictured in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>A note on the door of Fuzzy's Taco Shop is pictured in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-c15d09ae5665f4bc757a544bc4d27d31.jpg" alt="Photo - A sign on the door of Starbucks is pictured in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] " title="A sign on the door of Starbucks is pictured in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>A sign on the door of Starbucks is pictured in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-9451b4c96ac132ec42d2f5a150b1d835.jpg" alt="Photo - Sheridan Ave is pictured in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] " title="Sheridan Ave is pictured in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Sheridan Ave is pictured in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-5617133cf60923319f8eed64bf490bf8.jpg" alt="Photo - Bricktown is pictured in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] " title="Bricktown is pictured in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Bricktown is pictured in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-9798cfc3eecd6a22bcd4bdd63f2f1c3e.jpg" alt="Photo - Bricktown is pictured in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] " title="Bricktown is pictured in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Bricktown is pictured in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-8b0bbf331294ac8186bf6ee7fece3701.jpg" alt="Photo - Chastin Phillips gets a to-go order from Fuzzy's Taco Shop in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] " title="Chastin Phillips gets a to-go order from Fuzzy's Taco Shop in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Chastin Phillips gets a to-go order from Fuzzy's Taco Shop in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-c7224df0290babe93eb5614ae9bbbc11.jpg" alt="Photo - Cal Heinrich, right, and Chastin Phillips eat their lunch outside of Fuzzy's Taco Shop in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] " title="Cal Heinrich, right, and Chastin Phillips eat their lunch outside of Fuzzy's Taco Shop in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Cal Heinrich, right, and Chastin Phillips eat their lunch outside of Fuzzy's Taco Shop in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-220d19ec95894fc5a4a0232712910a65.jpg" alt="Photo - A sign on the door of Marble Slab Creamery in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] " title="A sign on the door of Marble Slab Creamery in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>A sign on the door of Marble Slab Creamery in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-86f03b87239fbcaed824da0dfa125b32.jpg" alt="Photo - The reflection of Mike Younger and Debby Warren as they eat outside at Earl's Rib Palace can be seen in the doors in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] " title="The reflection of Mike Younger and Debby Warren as they eat outside at Earl's Rib Palace can be seen in the doors in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>The reflection of Mike Younger and Debby Warren as they eat outside at Earl's Rib Palace can be seen in the doors in Bricktown in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Sarah Phipps/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-a0b99f25ebe75837918de90b953f64b1.jpg" alt="Photo - Exterior of Pelican Bay Aquatic Center in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]" title="Exterior of Pelican Bay Aquatic Center in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]"><figcaption>Exterior of Pelican Bay Aquatic Center in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]</figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-7293bc91c6391f5d6972dfa8df3ddc8d.jpg" alt="Photo - Exterior of Fire Station No. 1 in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]" title="Exterior of Fire Station No. 1 in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]"><figcaption>Exterior of Fire Station No. 1 in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]</figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-8176a6b21972206f92b88c958a10a8fe.jpg" alt="Photo - Broadway and 1st Street, downtown in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]" title="Broadway and 1st Street, downtown in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]"><figcaption>Broadway and 1st Street, downtown in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]</figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-7b0b339d45d850d99e505138b158396b.jpg" alt="Photo - Edmond Railyard location in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]" title="Edmond Railyard location in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]"><figcaption>Edmond Railyard location in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]</figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-eb61fdb1098bf60ca0e5258501e04fb9.jpg" alt="Photo - Edmond Railyard location in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]" title="Edmond Railyard location in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]"><figcaption>Edmond Railyard location in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]</figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-42d14a63b570c1285c9cdba130ce983a.jpg" alt="Photo - Farmers Market in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]" title="Farmers Market in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]"><figcaption>Farmers Market in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]</figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-6d34d3f9e4b4b7e65689dce8614738d4.jpg" alt="Photo - Hobby Lobby retail store in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]" title="Hobby Lobby retail store in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]"><figcaption>Hobby Lobby retail store in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]</figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-36daa255629f71357c6603c0a8244ea5.jpg" alt="Photo - Exterior of food and drink businesses in the Plaza District in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] " title="Exterior of food and drink businesses in the Plaza District in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Exterior of food and drink businesses in the Plaza District in Oklahoma City, Okla. on Tuesday, March 17, 2020. [Chris Landsberger/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-8ade583341ac51e57b04fb0b8d5229c0.jpg" alt="Photo - Edmond Railyard location in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]" title="Edmond Railyard location in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]"><figcaption>Edmond Railyard location in Edmond, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Photo by Doug Hoke/The Oklahoman]</figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-a50b55a5c6ed3595ada8247250d46057.jpg" alt="Photo - infectious disease physician David Chansolme with Integris speaks during a COVID-19 press conference in front of Integris Baptist Medical Center in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Bryan Terry/The Oklahoman] " title="infectious disease physician David Chansolme with Integris speaks during a COVID-19 press conference in front of Integris Baptist Medical Center in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Bryan Terry/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>infectious disease physician David Chansolme with Integris speaks during a COVID-19 press conference in front of Integris Baptist Medical Center in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Bryan Terry/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-7c324064e757138dc00d1671ff4f99e2.jpg" alt="Photo - A person wears a mask as they drive away from Integris Baptist Medical Center in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Bryan Terry/The Oklahoman] " title="A person wears a mask as they drive away from Integris Baptist Medical Center in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Bryan Terry/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>A person wears a mask as they drive away from Integris Baptist Medical Center in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Bryan Terry/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-3d637e98c8c7feeb04f3d848b1b43deb.jpg" alt="Photo - Integris Executive Vice President and Chief Nurse Executive Kerri Bayer speaks during a COVID-19 press conference in front of Integris Baptist Medical Center in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Bryan Terry/The Oklahoman] " title="Integris Executive Vice President and Chief Nurse Executive Kerri Bayer speaks during a COVID-19 press conference in front of Integris Baptist Medical Center in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Bryan Terry/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Integris Executive Vice President and Chief Nurse Executive Kerri Bayer speaks during a COVID-19 press conference in front of Integris Baptist Medical Center in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Bryan Terry/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-6847f8f405ec8bb9cf64f1c84208a024.jpg" alt="Photo - Integris Executive Vice President and Chief Physician Executive Tommy Ibrahim speaks during a COVID-19 press conference in front of Integris Baptist Medical Center in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Bryan Terry/The Oklahoman] " title="Integris Executive Vice President and Chief Physician Executive Tommy Ibrahim speaks during a COVID-19 press conference in front of Integris Baptist Medical Center in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Bryan Terry/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Integris Executive Vice President and Chief Physician Executive Tommy Ibrahim speaks during a COVID-19 press conference in front of Integris Baptist Medical Center in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Bryan Terry/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-b9f21179d200da44d46585cc8fb09157.jpg" alt="Photo - Infectious disease physician David Chansolme with Integris speaks during a COVID-19 press conference in front of Integris Baptist Medical Center in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Bryan Terry/The Oklahoman] " title="Infectious disease physician David Chansolme with Integris speaks during a COVID-19 press conference in front of Integris Baptist Medical Center in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Bryan Terry/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Infectious disease physician David Chansolme with Integris speaks during a COVID-19 press conference in front of Integris Baptist Medical Center in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Bryan Terry/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure><figure><img src="//cdn2.newsok.biz/cache/r960-6ee0281391d6661803227f26fd20e31d.jpg" alt="Photo - Integris President and CEO Tim Pehrson speaks during a COVID-19 press conference in front of Integris Baptist Medical Center in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Bryan Terry/The Oklahoman] " title="Integris President and CEO Tim Pehrson speaks during a COVID-19 press conference in front of Integris Baptist Medical Center in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Bryan Terry/The Oklahoman] "><figcaption>Integris President and CEO Tim Pehrson speaks during a COVID-19 press conference in front of Integris Baptist Medical Center in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, March 18, 2020. [Bryan Terry/The Oklahoman] </figcaption></figure>
Randy Ellis

For the past 30 years, staff writer Randy Ellis has exposed public corruption and government mismanagement in news articles. Ellis has investigated problems in Oklahoma's higher education institutions and wrote stories that ultimately led to two... Read more ›

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